The high gritstone moorland plateaux, with their deeply incised and heavily wooded valleys, dominate the western areas of Calderdale. Large areas are of European importance for their wildlife and designated as a Special Area of Conservation (SAC) and Special Protection Area (SPA).
In contrast to the high dramatic moors of the west, eastern Calderdale presents a more gentle landscape. Whilst much of eastern Calderdale is built-up, it still retains many areas of semi-natural green space rich in wildlife.
Throughout Calderdale, one will find a rich heritage left by the industrial revolution. From small hill top villages of which many are unchanged and unspoilt, through the woodland cloughs with their hidden ruins of bygone industrial activity to the latter stages of industrialisation along the areas main valleys, it can be said that travelling through the landscape of Calderdale is to travel through history itself.
It is the role of the Countryside Service to protect and enhance this unique and rich natural environment and promote knowledge and understanding.
The Countryside Service organises an annual programme of Guided walks.